Smoking: This affects your heart and blood vessels

Smoking: This affects your heart and blood vessels

Smoking almost does not leave an organ or part of the body without being affected by its harms and effects, including the heart and blood vessels in particular, which we will discuss in detail in this article.

Smoking and atherosclerosis
Smoking: This affects your heart and blood vessels

It is no secret to one of the many damages of smoking of all kinds to health, even for smokers themselves, and here we will review the effect of smoking on the circulatory system in the body, or in other words the heart and blood vessels.

Smoking and cardiovascular disease

Attached to the chemicals contained in tobacco damage blood cells, and negatively affect heart function in general and the structure, composition and functions of blood vessels as well, and all of these factors mentioned together serve together to increase the chances of infection with many heart diseases and blood vessels, and which , among them the following diseases:

Smoking and atherosclerosis

It arises hardening artery disease (Atherosclerosis) when a waxy substance called nature begins Black (Plaque) to accumulate on the walls of the arteries. With the passage of time, this accumulated material becomes more solid, which leads to narrowing of the arteries, and reducing the passage of blood loaded with oxygen, which is necessary and extremely important to maintain the health of the organs.

Smoking and coronary artery disease

Coronary heart disease - CHD, occurs when plaque accumulates in the coronary arteries in the heart. Over time, accumulation may cause chest pain, angina, a heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, or even death.

Smoking and peripheral vascular disease

In this case, plaque accumulates on the walls of the blood vessels that carry blood to the head, organs and ribs. People with this condition have an increased chance of developing other heart diseases, angina, and stroke in general.

This disease may affect the feet in particular, hindering the blood flow to the legs, which may lead to:

  1. Cramps and pain.
  2. General weakness.
  3. Numbness in the pelvis, thighs or calf muscles.
  4. In severe and severe cases it may cause gangrene, as the tissues begin to die, which may eventually lead to the need for leg amputation.

Risk factors
The chances of heart disease in a smoker multiply, if this coincides with his illness and other symptoms, such as:

  1. He suffers from unhealthy levels of harmful cholesterol .
  2. He had high blood pressure.
  3. Obesity or overweight.

Passive smoking and cardiovascular disease

The passive smoking also has its share of increasing the chances of heart disease and blood vessels, as a non - smoker inhale many of the same harmful chemicals that are inhaled by the smoker. And passive smoking takes two forms:

  1. Inhaling a non-smoker from the smoke exiting directly from the burning party.
  2. Smoker's inhalation of smoke that exhaled with exhalation of the smoker.
Passive smoking and children
Secondhand smoke increases the chances of future child and adolescent injury with coronary artery disease, as smoke contributes to:

  1. Reducing good cholesterol in the body.
  2. Increased blood pressure.
  3. Heart tissue damage.
And the effect of passive smoking appears especially in premature infants, especially those with respiratory diseases, such as asthma, and the effect is usually twice as dangerous for them!

The effect of different tobacco products on smoking

Scientists know little about the harms of using Cuban pipes and cigars, but they are more likely to bear the same harms, if tobacco consists of the same toxic chemicals, but more studies and research are needed to confirm and know the exact data in this regard.

Smoking of any amount and frequency, even accidental, damages blood vessels and heart functions. The risk of smoking increases the health for women who use birth control pills or for people with diabetes . We must not forget the dangers posed by passive smoking on the people in the vicinity of the smoker. So the next time you light your cigarette to smoke, think twice.