AIDS causes and risk factors

AIDS causes and risk factors

There are many things and factors that contribute to infection and transmission of AIDS , and here we will review the most important risk factors and direct causes of AIDS that you should know:

Despite common misconceptions, the following practices do not transmit HIV:
AIDS causes and risk factors

Causes of AIDS

These are the known causes of AIDS:

1- Sexual relationship

A common cause of AIDS is having unprotected intimate relationships with multiple partners or with one partner without protection.
By unsafe we ​​mean those relationships in which no means of protection (such as a condom) are used or in which sex with a stranger is practiced with an unknown or unclear medical history.

Although the chances of catching HIV are higher through vaginal sex, there is also little opportunity to catch HIV through oral sex.

The chances of catching AIDS with oral sex increase if the following factors are available:
  • The occurrence of blisters and suppurations in the mouth.
  • Gum bleeding.
  • Newly infected with AIDS, where the concentrations and proportions of the virus in the body are high.

2- Share some tools

Among the direct causes of AIDS is the use of the following tools after their use by the AIDS patient:

  • Medical injection.
  • Sex toys.
  • Injecting drugs.
  • Navel piercing tools or other body parts.
  • Tattoos.

3- Pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding

HIV may be transmitted from the affected mother to the fetus during pregnancy, during childbirth, or while breastfeeding the baby .

The AIDS virus is concentrated in various body fluids, such as: blood, breast milk, and sexual fluids.

4- Blood transfusion or organ transplantation from an infected person

HIV is usually concentrated in the blood, and when a blood transfusion from an infected person to a healthy person occurs by mistake even if the amount of blood transferred is very small, this leads to AIDS transmission.

Another cause of AIDS is the implantation of an organ taken from an infected person in the body of a healthy person.

This type of accident is rare in developed countries, where blood is well tested and the tools used to transport it are sterilized before use, and it is more common in countries and regions that lack medical progress or that suffer from humanitarian and medical disasters.

Risk factors

These are the things that may increase your chances of contracting HIV and catching the virus:
  • Work in a hospital or laboratory where the worker is vulnerable to injections that are used daily by patients.
  • Undergo blood transfusions in countries and regions lacking health basics.
  • Infection with a sexually transmitted disease.
  • Traveling to areas or countries with deteriorating health status.

Additional important facts

Here is some additional information you should know about AIDS:

  • If the treatment to which the AIDS patient is subjected causes the visible symptoms to disappear completely, then this means that having sex with a healthy person will not transmit the disease to him.
  • The chances of an AIDS patient transmitting the infection to another person increase in the first weeks of catching the AIDS virus, when the levels of the virus are very high in the body.
  • Saliva, urine, or sweat do not contain a high enough amount of the virus to be passed on to another person, so exposure to these fluids is considered safe.
  • It may take up to 10 years for AIDS signs to appear on the body in some cases.
  • These are the bodily fluids that AIDS causes exposure to: blood (including menstrual blood ), anal fluids, seminal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk.

Things and practices that do not transmit AIDS

Despite common misconceptions, the following practices do not transmit HIV:
  • Sneezing.
  • Kissing.
  • Spitting.
  • Eat with the same spoon or fork.
  • Contact with healthy skin of an infected person.
  • Use of swimming pools or shared toilets.
  • Biting.
All this on the assumption that the mouth of the AIDS patient is completely free from ulcers and any bleeding, and that his skin is completely healthy and free of any wounds or scratches.