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1. What is jaundice

Jaundice , also called yolk, is a disease caused by an excess of blood in the brown-yellow pigment called "Bilirubin". The accumulation and deposition of this pigment in subcutaneous tissue and in the sclera (opaque opaque sclera) leads to yellowing of the skin and eyes. In a healthy physical condition, the bilirubin pigment is formed as a result of the continuous degradation of aging red blood cells, which reaches the liver through the blood, is processed by metabolism, soluble and secreted through the gallbladder channels into the intestine.

1. What is jaundice1. What is jaundice

There are three main types of disorders in the proper metabolism of bilirubin, which cause the appearance of jaundice.

  1. The first type is jaundice caused by a high level of bilirubin in the blood before being treated with metabolism in the liver. The main causes of jaundice in these cases include: Hemolysis - excessive damage to the blood cells), which leads to an excess amount of bilirubin greater than the liver's ability to disassemble and evacuate, impaired absorption of pigment into the liver, or metabolic treatment mechanism. This condition is associated with hereditary diseases (including Gilbert's syndrome common but not clinically important), neonatal jaundice (Neonataljaundice - a common, benign and transient phenomenon caused by immature liver), the effect of medications, or various liver diseases . 
  2. The second type is jaundice caused by injury to liver cells. The most common cause is contaminated jaundice caused by acute hepatitis due to a viral infection ( hepatitis A - B or C virus ). Sometimes this type of jaundice is accompanied by the appearance of fever, bad general feeling, loss of appetite and dark urine excretion. Other causes for this type of jaundice include: liver damage due to drinking alcohol, medications, toxins, pollution, malignant tumors (metastases in the liver), or the final stages of cirrhosis (CirrhosisLiver).
  3. The third type of jaundice is caused by an imbalance in the secretion of bilirubin pigment from the liver via the gallbladder channels (obstructive jaundice). This jaundice may appear when an injury to the gallbladder pathways occurs inside the liver (due to infections, inflammatory diseases or due to damage caused by taking medications), or due to blockage of the gallbladder channels outside the liver due to gallstones, or a tumor in the pancreas or gallbladder ducts . Often this type of jaundice is accompanied by itching and light-colored stools.
It should be emphasized that the person with any type of jaundice should be examined as quickly and accurately as possible by a doctor, and that treatment varies depending on the factor that causes the jaundice.