Energy drinks: what are their harms?

Energy drinks: what are their harms?

Numerous studies have shown the harmful effects of energy drinks on the various body systems, from the nervous system, the digestive system, the circulatory system, and others! What exactly are these damages?

طEnergy drinks: what are their harms?
Energy drinks: what are their harms?

What are energy drinks? What are its damages? What are the things that you need to know about it? Here are the details:

What are energy drinks?

Energy drinks are drinks that are somewhat similar in composition to soft drinks with some additives, the most important of which are contained in these drinks:

  • Very large amounts of caffeine .
  • Many stimulants such as ginseng, guarana and carnitine.
  • Some amino acids such as taurine.
  • Some fatty acids and fats.
  • Simple sugars like sucrose and fructose.
  • Vitamins, such as: B2 (B2), B2 (B6), B2 (B12).
  • Many minerals, such as: sodium, calcium, and phosphorous.
Energy drinks are highly sought after, especially by the youth group - the largest target group in advertising campaigns - for what is promoted as providing the body with energy and increasing the rate of alertness, waking up and mental focus.
Experts advise choosing healthy foods like vegetables, and avoid empty calorie foods, such as sweets , soft drinks and energy drinks.

Of course, it is possible to dispense with energy drinks as a source of some nutrients, as amino acids such as taurine, vitamins and energy can be supplied in a natural way.

Energy drinks damage

It is clear that energy drinks have harm to various body systems, such as the nervous system, and below we will list to you the most harmful effects of energy drinks if their consumption exceeds the limit that you may return to the body:

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1- Damage to the digestive system

Energy drinks are harmful to the digestive system because high caffeine may disturb the hormones of the digestive system and increase acid secretions in the stomach, which may cause ulcers and infections in the stomach, esophagus and duodenal walls.

It may lead, over time, to the weakening of the esophageal valve, and thus the ease of food and acid returning from the stomach back into the esophagus, which may lead to acidity and esophageal ulceration.

Also, the fact that energy drinks contain a high amount of sugar (especially artificial sugars) may destroy some vitamins, such as vitamin B, which may lead to indigestion. Also, artificial sweeteners lead to diarrhea.

2- Obesity and diabetes

Energy drinks contain a high content of sugar and carbohydrates may lead to the occurrence of overweight and obesity, which may make it one of the causes of chronic diseases of diabetes, cholesterol, heart disease and pressure.

Energy drinks may also lead to type 2 diabetes, as some research has demonstrated its role in reducing tissue response to the hormone insulin.

3- Harmful to the heart

An energy drink increases your heart rate and blood pressure.

Also, a new study showed that energy drinks cause strong contractions of the heart muscle, which can exacerbate the risk, especially for people with heart disease and may lead to heart attack.

4- Osteoporosis and tooth decay

Energy drinks may lead to osteoporosis in the short term, as it contains some phosphorous acids.

These drinks may also cause tooth decay as a result of the impact and erosion of the outer enamel layer of the teeth as a result, because it contains some acids such as: phosphoric and carbonic.

5- Headache and insomnia

It was found that some types of energy drinks may be a cause of severe headaches or migraines. A very large number of energy drinks can lead to severe headaches as a result of caffeine withdrawal from the body.

Also, energy drinks may cause insomnia and anxiety during sleep as a result of high stimuli and caffeine, so of course when you increase the consumption of energy drinks this will lead to a loss of ability to focus, anxiety and inability to sleep.

6- Aggressive behavior, stress and nervousness

Too much caffeine from energy drinks may have a negative effect on the nerves, emotional and emotional levels, and may lead to nervousness and an increase in the rate of aggressive behavior.

7- Addiction

It is known that people can add to caffeine and all drinks that contain caffeine, including energy drinks.

8- Vomiting

If a significant increase in the proportion of energy drinks is consumed, this may lead to vomiting, and frequent vomiting may cause dehydration, acidic erosion of the teeth, and esophageal ulcers.

9- Allergy

Allergy in some people from some components of energy drinks, which may lead to minor itching or constriction and narrowing of the bronchi, and thus difficulty breathing .

10- A diuretic and interact with medications

Energy drinks are considered diuretics due to their caffeine content, which in some cases can lead to severe dehydration, especially for athletes or those who work hard and sweat a lot.

Also, energy drinks may interact with some medications and prevent their absorption, especially some types of anti-depressants.

Mixing energy drinks with alcohol is a "disaster"

In most Western countries, many used to resort to mixing alcohol with energy drinks because they considered it a way to obtain a strong boost of sexual energy.

It has been found that mixing energy drinks with alcohol leads to a so-called "wakeful drunkenness" as their high caffeine content leads to blocking the state of sugar and the physical effects caused by alcohol.

Consequently, the person does not feel intoxicated effectively, which causes him to drink more alcohol and increase it beyond the permissible limit, which may lead to health and catastrophic effects, and many risks that accrue to the liver and others.

Safe portions of energy drinks

Perhaps the most common question is the amount of serving or the allowable limit, and this is calculated according to the calorie content and the amount of caffeine.

If the caffeine level exceeds the daily recommended limit for each person, this becomes a health risk:

300 mg of caffeine per day, or the equivalent of 3 to 4 cups of instant coffee, is considered a moderate amount for most people, and the amount of caffeine in energy drinks can range from 75 mg to more than 200 mg per serving.

Energy drinks are dangerous to the health of pregnant and lactating women, children, heart patients and diabetes, and it is best to avoid them.

In addition, the increase in caffeine intake by pregnant women from 200 mg per day, recent research has shown that it may lead to fetal abnormalities, premature birth, or abortion.

Increased intake in children will lead to diarrhea, difficulty in focusing, anxiety, behavioral patterns of printing habits, and an increase in heart palpitations.

Here is the percentage of some nutritional ingredients contained in every 100 g of different types of energy drinks:

The name of the energy drink /
nutritional value
AMP is
normal or
sugar free 
normal or free
of sugar
Red Bull
(Red bull)
Bean Tortell
(Full throttle)
Cheran Energy
(Cran energy)
It has been placing
citrus flavor
 Water (g) 87.30 87.08 88.45 88.45 87.30 96.18 26.89
Power (kcal) 46 58 42 45 46 15th 15th
Caffeine (mg) 31 33 36 30 33 23 19
Carbohydrates (g) 12.08 12.70 11.25 10.94 12.08 3.75 12.99
Protein (g) 0.25 0.34 0 0.25 0.25 0 0
Fat (g) 0.08 0.22 0 0.08 0.08 0 0
Sugar (g) 12.08 12.26 11.25 10.06 12.08 3.75 12.99
Sodium (mg) 27 16 75 83 35 21 12
Phosphorus (mg) 17 0 0 0 0 1 3
Calcium (mg) 13 1 3 13 13 0 2

How do we help our youth avoid energy drinks?

Of course, we should try to reduce the habit of drinking these drinks for our young people and make them aware of its negative aspects.

We must mention to them some serious physical and psychological problems that may be caused by excessive drinking of these drinks, which the addict may become aware of himself, such as: insomnia, difficulty sleeping , lack of focus, anxiety, aggressive behaviors and headache.

We may show him the health warnings written on the box and convince him that this is only the beginning and that the development of the topic will be very dangerous, and may lead to cirrhosis or high blood pressure, high blood sugar, tachycardia and many others.

And of course, under the rule of "every forbidden is desirable" and as a substance similar to the effect of drugs, we try not to prevent it, but rather gradually reduce it.